APPLICATION FILED JULY 11,1913.
Patented Sept- 15, 1914 5] wua m'io'a,
APPLIOATWN THEY) JU'L Y 11. 1913.
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J QZUTH. FLYING MACHINE, APPLICATION FILED JULY 11.1913.
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APPLICATION FILED JULY 11.1913.
Patented Sept. 15, 1914.
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and more specifically to that class commonly lmown as ei-planes, and the object of this invention is to provide for the tilting of one of the planesto more quickly and easilycon' trol the machine, in addition to novelly disposed ailerons and other details which will be more fully described in the following specification, set forth in the claims and illustrated in the drawings, wherein:
Figure 1. is a side elevation of the machine. Fig. 2. is a plan view of the same. F ig. 3 is a front elevation. Fig. 4 is a detail view of the operating lever. Fig. 5. is a plan view of the same. Fig. 6. is a side ele ration of the machine with pont-oons'suspending therefrom. Fig. 7, is an' enlarged front view showing the manner in which the pontoons are hung.
This machine consists of a light frame structure comprising an upright body 10 carrying the engine 11, the fuel tank 12, the operators seat 13 a11'd operating mechanism and it is mounted on springs 14 and wheels 15. At the rear of this upri ht frame 10 is a frame 16 in which is'hinge the rudder I17, and above the upright frame is a frame 18 on the top of which is secured the stationary plane 19, while within the bottom members of the frame 18 is hinged a tilta-ble plane 20. Extending rearward from the plane 20 is a stationary plane 21 sufficiently removed from the former plane to provide for an air passage between the two planes'when the propeller is operating. On the lower side of each end of the plane 20 is an aileron 22 consisting of a plane hinged at its inner. end and adapted to oscillate. Connecting the rear side of the aileron with the rear edge ofthe plane is a triangular piece of fabric 23 and when the aileron is folded hangs loosely as shown in Fig. 1, but when the aileron is dro ped while the machine is moving through the air it ofiers an obstruction to the movement of that side ofthe apparatus and retards its progress. The opss' 'eration of the aileron is best shown in Fig. 3.
The tilting plane 20 is made up of a wire Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented dept. 35., this...
a lication filed July 11, 1913. Serial no. watts.
frame 18, and is operated by a lever 24a piV-J oted by means of trunnions 25, shown in Fig. 4, in uprights 26 carried by the lower end of the frame 10 and having arms 27 connecte-d by means of cords 27' with the lower side of the plane 20*, so that the operator may swing the lever and tilt plane to ascend or descend.
The ailerons 22, are operated, as will be seen in'Fig. 3. by means of a weight 28 C011; nected by means of cords 29 with the aile-' rons and as the machine is tiltedfrom the horizontal 1 the sheets 23 are spread, the I weight of air imposed thereon will obstruct and weight that end so as to carry the planes back to their normal positions.
For th purpose of operating the rudder 17, the lever 2% is provided with a sleeve 30,
retained thereon by a pin 31 playing in the slot 32 and having at its upper end handles 33 and at its lower end arms 34 whichare connected with the rudder bythe cords 35. By turning the handles 33 the sleeve is partly rotated with the arms 34 and the rudder isoperated in the right direction.
Referring to Figs. 6 and 7., it will be seen that the upright frame 10 may be extended and a ballon 36 secured thereto. Side planes 37 may also be pivoted to the frame at each side of the balloon and may be operated in conjunction with the plane 20.
To the lower rods 38 of the frame 10, are loosely hung pontoons or floats 39 by means of yokes 40 so that the floats may be lowered beneath the frame to take the water or be elevated to the positions shown in dotted I lines when the frames are to be supported by the wheels 15. In elevating the floats to raise them to the position shown in dot-ted lines in Fig. 'l a drum 4:1 with a handle 42 has its shaft j ournaled in the frame above the operators seat and cords 43 adapted to be wound about the drum are attached to the autersides of the floats. When lowered, the floats are connected by the hooks 44,
made operative when tension is put upon the cords 43 and the floats drawn together.
The'weight' 28 is hung from a cross piece 28 and may be made up of sections so that it maybe lncreased ordiminished. Front and rear braces 45 may connect the frames and 'other'bracing and strengthening means its may he used to perfect the structures as desired.
It is obvious that the parts may be otherwise arranged and the details-modified without departing from t-he'essential features above described or departing from the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: Y
. 1. In a flying machine, the combination with a frame comprising a horizontal and :1 depending structure, oi. a stationary plane at the top of the horizontal structure, a similar tiltable plane at the bottom of the horizontal structure, a lever and connections for oscillating the latter plane, and an engine and propeller in the depending structure.
- 2. In a flying machine, the combination with a- T-shaped frame, of a stationary plane at'the top of the horizontal part of the frame and a tiltable plane pivoted at the lower part of the same, ailerons at the end of the latter'plane, automatic means between the planes for operating the ailerons, a stationary plane at the rear of the 'tiltable plane, a rudder at the rear of the vertical member of the f1fl1l'l,8!1(1 an engine and propeller in the latter member.
3. In a dying machine, the combination with a T-shaped frame, of a stationary plane at the top of the horizontal section of the frame and a tiltable plane pivoted at the middle of its sides in the lower part of said section, a stationary plane at the rear of the tiltable plane,
a pivoted rudder at the I rear of the vertical part of the frame, an
engine and propeller in the latter section, ailerons with batllers at the ends of the tiltable plane, and a hanging weight in the horizontal section of the frame to operate the ailerons.
4, In a flying machine, the combination with a frame and stationary plane, of a centrally pivoted tiltable plane beneath the stationary plane, automatically operated ailerons at the ends of the tiltable plane, a rudder, a lever having arms connected with the tiltable plane, a slceveon the lever and having arms connected with the rudder, and an engine and propeller.
- 5. In a flying machinethe combination with a frame having a stationary plane at the top of the same, of a centrally pivoted tiltable plane beneath the stationary plane, floats at the lower end of the frame, a rudder, ailerons at the end of the tiltable plane, a swinging weight and cords for operating the ailerons, a lever with arms for operating the tilting plane, cords connecting the arms and the plane, a sleeve around the lever and adapted to be rotated, arms on the sleeve, cords connecting the arms with the rudder, and motor and propeller.
Signed at New York in the county of New York and State of New York this 2d day oi July A..D. 1913. v p JOHN SZUTH.
Vitnesses W. E. Lawson, Janus F. DUIIAMEL.