G. A. ANDERSON.
SPRING-HIGGIN-G FOR VEHICLES. APPLlcATloN FILED sans. 191s.
o Patented Apr. 27,; 1915.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
G- A. ANDERSON,
SPRING RIGGING FOR VEHICLES.
APPLICATION FILED sEPLa, 1913.
@minted Apr. 27, 1915.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
' SPRING-meente rca VEHICLES.
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Apr. 27, 1915.,
Application med september s, 191s. serm No. 788,6672.
i arrangement, all as will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
Referring to the accompanying drawings which are made a part hereof, and lon which similar reference characters indicate similar i parts, Figure l'is a side elevation of a rear -view ofthe parts shown in Fig. 2 with the wheel of an automobile truck, and the rear end of one "i, of the side bars of the chassis, equipped with a spring riggingl of my improved construction, Fig. 2, a rear elevation of the parts forming the subject matter of my said invention, Fig. 3, a top or plan --sprin'g omitted, Fig. 4, a detail section on dotted line ze-a in- Fig. 1, and Figs. 5, 6, 7,
8, and' 9, detailed views showing different features of construction more clearly, as will be pointed out specifically vin the specification as said features lare described. l
In said drawings the portions marked A represent the vehicle wheel, B the side bars of the automobile-body frame, or chassis, and() the axle or axle casing, all of which parts are or may be lof any appropriate material and construction. f
In the drawings I have shown but one side of the machine, it being understood that the spring rigging on the other side is a duplicate of that shown.
The side bars B of the frame are bent downwardly at their rear ends, as indicated most clearly in Fig. 1, to a point where the lower ends are substantially on the same plane above the tread of the wheel as the axle C. Said lower ends of the side bars B are connected by a tubular cross member 10 which extends through an aperture at the lower endof'eachside bar and is rigidly secured. at the point where it passesv through said aperture to flanged rings 11, which 1n turn are rivetedl or bolted to said bars B. Levers 12 formed with appropriate eyes on their rear ends are mounted to rock on the projecting outer ends of tube 10. The front ends of said levers are connected by ay universal sliding joint with axle C. Said universal joint comprises a sliding part 70 on which the forward end of the lever is adapted to swivel, and a rigid collar 14 secured to the axle, or axle casing, at an appropriate point toward the center line of the vehicle, and a sti coiled spring 13 interposed between said rigid collar and said sliding part. This feature of kthe construction is substantially identical with corresponding parts shown in my above mentioned application and need not be described in `detail herein. Y
.A tubular cross member 15 is mounted a distance above the tubular cross member 10 inbrackets 16 which are formed with integral flanges 18 (see Figs. 7 and 8) rigidly secured by bolts 17 to the front edge of the vertical portion of the side bars B. Castings 19 formed with appropriate eyes are rotatively mounted on the outer ends of said tubular member 15 and secured thereon by washers'24 and Cotter pins 25 which extend through said washers and tubular member. Said castings 19 are each formed with a tubular portion 71 which extendsy toward the axle C and is surrounded at its rear end by a flange 72. Cylindrical bosses 21 and 22 are formed on each side of said castings drilled to provide a slidino' fit with a rod 23, which has an eye at its front end 35 and is pivotally connected by a bolt 37 in a pocket in the front end of lever 1-2 adjacent with axle C and in line with tir: axisfthereof. A .furl 36 is preferably interposed between pivot bolt 37 and eye 35 to secure a large wearing surface with a comparatively small bolt. `Near the front end of rod 23 it is formed with a threaded section 26 on which is mounted a sleeve .27 internally screw-threaded and adapted to be locked in any position desired on said screw-threaded portion by means of a clamping bolt 32 extending through ears 31 on one side of the vfront end of said sleeve, said front end being partially divided from the main portion ^of the sleeve bya transverse cut33, ada ted to give said por/tion sufficient flexibility to secure the clamping effect. Said sleeve 27 is formed with an `annular shoulder 28 and a flanged Washer, or bearing plate, 29 is mounted thereon to abut said shoulder, between which and the flange 72 o f the casting 19 is mounted a stiff coiled spring 20,
the upper end ofv said spring being mounted on tubular part 71 of,y said casting. Thesev springs 20', one on either side, are thus adapted to support the load and resist the pressure between the truck and the car body. As the rods 23 extend through the outer tubular ends of bracket 16, said ends are formed with elongated apertures 38 on opposite sides (see Figs. 7 and 8) of a sufficient length to accommodate the rotary movement of casting 19 and rod 23. n
Braces39 (Fig 3) serve to give lateral support and transmit lateral forces between the car body` and its axle .and wheels. One end of each of said braces is secured to the inside face of each lever 12 at its front end by a bolt 40, and the other end by bolt 41 to an arm 42, projecting from and integral with a divided sleeve 4 3mounted to pivot on thetube lO'between rigid collars 44 and 45 thereon.
Axially to tube 10 is mounted therein a` y recess or pocket in the outer face of the bearing part of lever 12. Al casting 56 disk-shaped with a central rectangular aperture is secured on the other end` by a'cotter pin 50, the disk being adapted to t in tubular part 10, whilev radial wings 48 extend into notches 49 in the opposite. sides of the ends of lever 12, which notches are circumferentially longer than said wings, thus allowing one of said levers 12 to rotate a predetermined distance or angle in relation to the other, without engaging said wings with the sides of said notches. 'When rotating beyond said distance 'or angle, however, as 4will be readily-understood, the sides of the 1 notches come in contact with the sides of said wings and bring said spring rod 46 under a twistingor torsional strain, supplementing the spring 20.
In operation, the tension of springs 20 may be regulated by adjusting sleeve 27 to secure a mean height of the car body above the road bed, the tension being proportioned by the static load supported by said springs.V In running over rough places or obstructions the springs 20 being of'unusual length have a softness in operation which imparts comparatively slight shock or recoil to the car'body .as a result of the deflection caused by such operation. When the displacement of the wheel in relation to the car body frame 4extends beyond the predetermined point, the' spring-rod 46 is brought into operation and its action supplements that of springs 20. In these particulars, as in many others, the operation of this construction is substantially the same as that of the lconstruction forming the subjectmatter of my application before referred to. y
. Having thus fully described my said invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A .spring rigging forvehicles comprising an axle, a body frame formedwith depending arms at its rear end, levers pivotally mounted at one end on the axle of said truck and at the other end on parts carriedon the lower end of said depending arms, rods connected at one end with said levers adjacent to the axles and mounted at their otherends to slide in parts on said depending arms of said frame, and springs interposed between parts carried by said rods adjacent to the axle and other parts connected with saidl depending arms through which said vrods slide, substantially as set forth.
2. A spring riggin for vehicles comprising a truck, a body i'grame mounted on said truck and formed with depending arms at its vrear end, levers extending in a substanj v tially horizontal plane and pivoted at one end on an axle of said truck and at their other end on a part carried by said depending arms,l rods -connected at one end with said levers adjacent to the axle and slidably mounted in parts carried on said frame, and springs interposed between parts carried by said rods and the other parts connected with said frame through which said rods slide,
vsubstantially as set forth.
3. The combination with a vehicle and its axle, of a spring riggingcomprising levers pivotall)T mounted at one end on said axle, and at the otherend `on depending members carried by said frame, rods connected at one end with said levers adjacent to the axle,.a
bearing mounted on said frame in which the other end of said rod is slidably mounted, a part adjustably mounted on said rod, a spring interposed between said ad-l justable part, and a bearing on said frame, substantially as set forth. ,l
4. A spring rigging for vehicles comprising a truck, a body frame formed with rear ends, levers pivotally connected at one end of the rear axle of the truck and at the other end to journals carried by said dependingportions, rods. pivoted at their front ends to said levers' adjacent to the axle and extending in a radial direction through a support carried by the frame at a point above said levers, a bearing plate mounted to be adjusted on said rod, a support carried byside bars having depending portions at their ofsaid body, springs interposed between13o lpivotal' and sliding mountin said truck and'body, means for adjusting the tension of said springs, and a sup lemental spring mounted to be brought into action upon a certain disturbanceof normal relations between the axle and body, substantially as set forth.
6. A vehicle comprising a truck, a body, a between an axle of said truck and the rame of said body, a laterally disposed brace forming a part of said mounting and connected by a rocking connection -with said frame at a point toward-the center line of the vehicle, and springs interposed between said truck and body in position to receiveand support he lhrust of said body, substantially as set ort 7. The combinati@ with a. vehicle frame and its axle, oa spring rigging-,comprising members depending from the rear of sald frame, levers pivotally mounted' at one end on said axle and at the other end on parts carried by said depending members, rods connected at one end with saidA levers, a
bearing l the other end of said rod is slidably mounted,
"axleand at the mounted in a part mounted on said frame in which( said first mentioned spring when the axle is abnormallyv deected, substantially as s'et forth.
8. The combination with a vehicle and its axle, of a v`spring rigging comprising members depending from the rear of said frame, levers pivotally mounted at one end on said other end on parts carried by said depending members, rods slidably carried on said frame and connected at one end to saidlevers, a spring interposed between a bearing adjustably mounted on said rods and said part carried by said frame, and an auxiliary spring connected ith said depending members adapted to coperate with said rst vmentioned springs when said levers become abnormally deflected by the movement of the axle4 either to or from` the frame, substantially as set forth.
' Inwitness whereof, I havehereunto set my hand and seal at Waynesboro1ennsyl Vania, this' sixth day of September, A. D. nineteen yhundred and thirteen. l
GUSTAF A Rvn ANDRsoN.
GEO. B. BEAVER, DANmneS. BEARD.